Composer Biography - Aaron Copland
Run time: 1m 52s | Release Date: January 25th, 2018
Aaron Copland was born on November 14th, 1900, in Brooklyn, New York.
The son of prosperous Lithuanian/ Russian Jewish immigrants, Copland showed a keen interest in music from an early age.
At the age of 17, he began music composition lessons with Rubin Goldmark in New York, and by the age of 20 he travelled to Paris to train with the renowned musician Nadia Boulanger, with whom he studied for 4 years.
Even considering his immigrant background, Aaron Copland came to be a leading figure in American music who strove to create a distinguishable American idiom by incorporating elements of jazz and folk music in his work.
Throughout his career, he produced a number of ballets based on American subjects, such as “Rodeo”, “Billy The Kid”, and “Appalachian Spring”, which included the Shaker hymn-tune, “Simple Gifts”.
Other specifically American works included, “Fanfare For The Common Man”, “Quiet City”, and “A Lincoln Portrait” which was based on the speeches of president Abraham Lincoln.
Additionally, Copland wrote music for film. Some of his best-known film scores were for the movies “The Heiress”, “Red Pony”, “Of Mice And Men”, and “Our Town”.
In the years between 1940 and 1965, Copland served as head of the composition faculty at the important summer school at the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood, Massachusetts.
Aaron Copland died of complications from pneumonia in North Tarrytown, New York on December 2nd, 1990, at the age of 90.
Run time: 1m 38s | Release Date: February 24th, 2018
Leonard Bernstein was born on August 25th, 1918 in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
He studied composition at Harvard University and conducting at the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia. Bernstein was such a talented student and so well liked that a fellow student deemed him “doomed to success” After graduating, Bernstein became the assistant conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.In 1944, Bernstein composed “On the Town”, the musical would run for 463 performances and paved the way for Bernstein to make his mark on broadway.