Interval Identification // Introduction To Intervals (1 of 10)
Run time: 3m 11s | Release Date: March 25th, 2020
Section 1 - "Introduction To Intervals"
In order to become a well-rounded musician, it is vitally important that you learn about and become proficient in your ability to read and write each different interval. In this video series we are going to discuss what constitutes each interval, see how they pertain to the scale, and learn how to properly read and write each interval on the staff. Additionally, we will go over a number of tips of tricks which will make working with intervals much easier.
Before we get started, if you are unfamiliar with half steps and whole steps, please take the time to watch our video on covering this subject by clicking on the link in the description below.
Section 2 - "Definition And Example"
An interval is defined as the distance, or amount of steps, separating any two notes. For example, the number of steps separating the note C and the first E above it is four consecutive half steps.
Here is why:
A half step above the note C is the note C#. C# to D is another half step. A half step also separates the note D and D#. And finally, one half step from the note D# is the note E.
One - Two - Three - Four
Now, whenever any two notes are separated by the distance of four consecutive half steps, we call that an interval of a Major third.
Don't worry. We will go further into this specific type of interval, as well as a number of other intervals not yet discussed, in the upcoming group of videos in this series.
Section 3 - "Harmonic / Melodic Intervals"
Intervals can either be played harmonically or melodically. When two notes are played simultaneously, as in a harmony, we call that a harmonic interval. A melodic interval occurs when two notes are played in succession. Or in other words, when two notes are sounded one after the other, as in a melody.
Section 4 - "Ascending / Descending Intervals"
When an interval is read from the bottom note to the top note, meaning the note with the lower pitch frequency to the note with the higher pitch frequency, we call that an ascending interval. When the two notes are read from the note with the higher pitch frequency to the note with the lower pitch frequency we call that a descending interval.
Section 5 - "Wrap Up"
Before we move on to the next video in this series, it is important to remember that the only two sets of natural notes which are separated by a half step are B and C, and E and F. All other natural notes are separated by a whole step.
Now that we have a general understanding of intervals, in this next video, we will take a look at an interval of a second and learn what the different between a Major second interval and a minor second interval is, as well as hear examples of each interval in music.
When the two notes of an interval are only one letter apart from each other, as with the notes D and E, or B and C, we call that an interval of a second. An interval of a second is any interval which spans two positions on the staff.
Now, depending upon the amount of half steps separating each note, an interval of a second can be either Major or minor. For example, an interval of a minor second occurs when two notes are separated by the distance of only one half step